The Predictive Role of Hand Section of Fugl–Meyer Assessment and Motor Activity Log in Action Research Arm Test in People With Stroke

Peiming Chen, Tai Wa Liu, Mimi M.Y. Tse, Claudia K.Y. Lai, Joshua Tsoh, Shamay S.M. Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Recent findings of clinical studies have demonstrated a significant positive relationship between Fugl–Meyer Assessment of upper extremity score and the action research arm test (ARAT) score in people with stroke. Although the motor activity log (MAL) can assess the self-perception of motor performance, which can affect the performance of the upper limb, the relationship between MAL score and ARAT score still remains unclear. The objective of this study is to quantify the independent contribution of MAL score and FMA-hand score on the ARAT score in people with stroke. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. There were a total of 87 subjects (50 males, 37 females; mean age = 61.12 ± 6.88 years, post-stroke duration=6.31 ± 2.84 years) included in this study. Self-perceived performance in using the paretic limb was measured by MAL, including subscale of the amount of usage (MAL-AOU) and quality of movement (MAL-QOM). Functional performance of the upper limb was measured by action research arm test (ARAT). Upper limb motor control of the hand was measured by hand section of Fugl–Meyer assessment (FMA-hand). Results: The result showed that MAL-QOM (r = 0.648, p < 0.001), MAL-AOU (r = 0.606, p < 0.001), FMA-hand scores (r = 0.663, p < 0.001), and the use of a walking aid (r = −0.422, p < 0.001) were significantly correlated with the ARAT scores. A total 66.9% of the variance in the ARAT scores was predicted by the final regression model including MAL-QOM, MAL-AOU, FMA-hand scores, and walking aid. The FMA-hand score was the best predictor of ARAT scores, which can predict a 36.4% variance of ARAT scores in people with stroke, which controlled the effect of using a walking aid. After controlling for use of a walking aid and FMA-hand scores, the multiple linear regression modeling showed that MAL-QOM and MAL-AOU scores could also independently predict an additional 10.4% of the variance in ARAT scores. Conclusion: In addition to the FMA-hand score, the MAL score was significantly correlated with the ARAT score. Improving self-perceived performance should be one goal of rehabilitation in people with stroke. Further work developing and testing techniques to do so is clearly warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number926130
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2022


  • assessment
  • motor function
  • self-perceived performance
  • stroke
  • upper limb


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