Tai Chi and health-related quality of life in nursing home residents

Linda Y.K. Lee, Diana T.F. Lee, Jean Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) that is good is regarded as the goal of elderly residential care. However, limited evidence exists indicating a promising intervention that can achieve this goal. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of Tai Chi on HRQOL in nursing home residents. Design: A nonequivalent pretest-posttest control-group design. Methods: A convenience sample of 139 residents from six nursing homes in Hong Kong was used. The experimental group (n=66) joined a 26-week Tai Chi program, while the control group (n=73) continued with usual daily activities. The physical and mental components of HRQOL were designated as the dependent variables. Resident satisfaction was considered as a covariate. Doubly multivariate repeated measures analysis of covariance was done to examine the intervention effect. Findings: After adjusting for the confounding effect of resident satisfaction, a statistically significant difference (p<0.05) in the physical and mental components of HRQOL between the experimental and control groups was found. Findings showed significant improvement in HRQOL after residents practiced Tai Chi. Conclusions: These investigators contribute additional knowledge about the health benefits of Tai Chi among nursing home residents and indicates support for its use in this population to improve HRQOL. Clinical Relevance: Tai Chi has unique characteristics as a health exercise that is particularly suitable for nursing home residents. The inclusion of Tai Chi exercise in elderly residential care practice is recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nursing Scholarship
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009


  • Chinese
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Nursing home
  • Tai Chi


Dive into the research topics of 'Tai Chi and health-related quality of life in nursing home residents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this