Restitution metrics in Brugada syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Gary Tse, Sharen Lee, Mengqi Gong, Panagiotis Mililis, Dimitrios Asvestas, George Bazoukis, Leonardo Roever, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Sandeep S. Hothi, Ka Hou Christien Li, Tong Liu, Konstantinos P. Letsas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an ion channelopathy that predisposes affected subjects to ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) and sudden cardiac death. Restitution analysis has been examined in BrS patients but not all studies have reported significant differences between BrS patients and controls. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the different restitution indices used in BrS. Methods: PubMed and Embase were searched until April 7, 2019, identifying 20 and 27 studies. Results: A total of ten studies involving 178 BrS (mean age 38 years old, 63% male) and 102 controls (mean age 31 years old, 42% male) were included in this systematic review. Pacing was carried out at the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT)/right ventricular apex (RPA) (n = 4), RPA (n = 4), or right atrium (RA) (n = 1). Basic cycle lengths of 400 (n = 4), 500 (n = 2), 600 (n = 6) and 750 ms (n = 1) were used. Recording methods include electrograms (n = 4), monophasic action potentials (n = 5), and electrocardiograms (n = 1). Signals were obtained from the RVOT (n = 8), RVA (n = 3), RA (n = 1), or the body surface (n = 1). The maximum restitution slope for endocardial repolarization at the RVOT was 0.87 for BrS patients (n = 5; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.68–1.07) compared with 0.74 in control subjects (n = 4; 95% CI 0.42–1.06), with a significant mean difference of 0.40 (n = 4; 95% CI 0.11–0.69; P = 0.007). Conclusions: Steeper endocardial repolarization restitution slopes are found in BrS patients compared with controls at baseline. Restitution analysis can provide important information for risk stratification in BrS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-327
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Brugada syndrome
  • Conduction
  • Repolarization
  • Restitution


Dive into the research topics of 'Restitution metrics in Brugada syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this