Quality assurance and quality control of solid phase extraction for PFAS in water and novel analytical techniques for PFAS analysis

Sachi Taniyasu, Leo W.Y. Yeung, Huiju Lin, Eriko Yamazaki, Heesoo Eun, Paul K.S. Lam, Nobuyoshi Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An inter-laboratory trial (ILT) has been performed to validate ISO 21675 method for the measurement of per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in water samples using solid phase extraction method and high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. A total of twenty-seven laboratories from eleven countries (Belgium: 1, Canada: 2, China: 2, France: 1, Germany: 3, Italy: 2, Japan: 6, Netherlands: 2, South Korea: 1, Sweden: 4, and USA: 3) participated in the ILT. Results of the homogeneity of ILT water samples showed that the repeatability tended to increase from short-chain to long-chain of PFAS. Results of stability of PFAS in Milli-Q water stored at 5 ± 3 °C ranged from 75% to 121% including those ultra-short-chain compounds, except for N-MeFOSA (44%), N-EtFOSA (44%), and 8:2 FTOH (30%) at 168 days. As for stability of PFAS in environmental waters, they were in acceptable range (between 70 and 125%) for most of PFAS, except for 8:2 FTUCA in the river water, seawater, and wastewater, and 8:2 FTSA and 8:2 FTOH in wastewater. Based on the performance data (reproducibility (CVR): <40%, recoveries (η): 70–125%) of the ILT, current ISO 21675 is validated for up to 30 PFAS depending on water type. Novel analytical techniques namely “In-situ Solid Phase Extraction” and the “Purge and Trap Extraction” were developed and explored to measure volatile PFAS. Preliminary results showed acceptable recoveries for volatile PFAS such as fluorotelomer alcohols and iodides in spiked Milli-Q water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132440
JournalChemosphere
Volume288
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • In-situ SPE
  • Inter-laboratory trial (ILT)
  • Performance data
  • Purge and trap extraction
  • Volatile PFAS

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