Predicting Students' Performance with School and Family Tutoring Using Generative Adversarial Network-Based Deep Support Vector Machine

Kwok Tai Chui, Ryan Wen Liu, Mingbo Zhao, Patricia Ordóñez de Pablos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


It has been witnessed that supportive learning has played a crucial role in educational quality enhancement. School and family tutoring offer personalized help and provide positive feedback on students' learning. Predicting students' performance is of much interest which reflects their understanding on the subjects. Particularly it is desired students to manage well in fundamental knowledge in order to build a strong foundation for post-secondary studies and career. In this paper, improved conditional generative adversarial network based deep support vector machine (ICGAN-DSVM) algorithm has been proposed to predict students' performance under supportive learning via school and family tutoring. Owning to the nature of the students' academic dataset is generally low sample size. ICGAN-DSVM offers dual benefits for the nature of low sample size in students' academic dataset in which ICGAN increases the data volume whereas DSVM enhances the prediction accuracy with deep learning architecture. Results with 10-fold cross-validation show that the proposed ICGAN-DSVM yields specificity, sensitivity and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.968, 0.971 and 0.954 respectively. Results also suggest that incorporating both school and family tutoring into the prediction model could further improve the performance compared with only school tutoring and only family tutoring. To show the necessity of ICGAN and DSVM, comparison has been made between ICGAN and traditional conditional generative adversarial network (CGAN). Also, the proposed kernel design via heuristic based multiple kernel learning (MKL) is compared with typical kernels including linear, radial basis function (RBF), polynomial and sigmoid. The prediction of student's performance with and without GAN is presented which is followed by comparison with DSVM and with traditional SVM. The proposed ICGAN-DSVM outperforms related works by 8-29% in terms of performance indicators specificity, sensitivity and AUC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9087871
Pages (from-to)86745-86752
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Generative adversarial network
  • deep support vector machine
  • students' academic performance
  • supportive learning


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