Pain-Associated Clusters Among Nursing Home Residents and Older Adults Receiving Home Care in Germany

Andrea Budnick, Ronny Kuhnert, Arlett Wenzel, Mimi Tse, Juliana Schneider, Reinhold Kreutz, Dagmar Dräger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Context: There are no available data regarding pain-associated clusters among nursing home residents (NHRs) and older adults receiving home care with chronic pain. Objectives: To identify and describe pain-associated clusters in NHRs and older adults receiving home care with chronic pain and to explore associations with clusters in both settings. Methods: We surveyed 137 NHRs and 205 older adults receiving home care. Clusters were identified using hierarchical agglomerative cluster analysis, using Ward's method with squared Euclidean distances in the proximities matrix. The clusters were characterized based on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify variables associated with different clusters. Results: In each setting, we identified three clusters: pain relieved, pain impaired, and suffering severe pain. In the nursing home study and home care study, respectively, the participant distributions were 46.72% and 11.71% in the pain-relieved cluster, 22.63% and 33.66% in the pain-impaired cluster, and 30.66% and 54.63% in the severe-pain cluster. Appropriate pain medication was only detected among pain-relieved NHRs. Conclusion: Overall, differences in pain management exist within the two care settings presented here. There is potential for improvement in both settings. Moreover, there exists a need for clinical interventions aiming at shifting from pain-affected clusters to pain-relieved status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-59
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Cluster
  • chronic pain
  • home care
  • long-term care
  • nursing home


Dive into the research topics of 'Pain-Associated Clusters Among Nursing Home Residents and Older Adults Receiving Home Care in Germany'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this