Mitigating Risks in the Cloud-Based Metaverse Access Control Strategies and Techniques

Utsav Upadhyay, Alok Kumar, Gajanand Sharma, Ashok Kumar Saini, Varsha Arya, Akshat Gaurav, Kwok Tai Chui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The advent of the metaverse has revolutionized virtual interactions and navigation, introducing intricate access control challenges. This paper addresses the need for effective access control models in the cloud-based metaverse. It explores its distinct characteristics, including its dynamic nature, diverse user base, and shared spaces, highlighting privacy concerns and legal implications. The paper analyzes access control principles specific to the cloud-based metaverse, emphasizing least privilege, separation of duties, RBAC, defense-in-depth, and auditability/accountability. It delves into identity verification and authorization methods, such as biometrics, multi-factor authentication, and role-based/attribute-based authorization. Advanced access control technologies for the cloud-based metaverse are examined, including SSO solutions, blockchain-based access control, ABAC, adaptive access control, and VMI for isolation. Risk mitigation strategies encompass IDS/IPS, SIEM, and user education programs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Cloud Applications and Computing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023


  • Access Control
  • Authorization
  • Blockchain
  • Cloud
  • Metaverse
  • Verification


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