Microcosm study on allelopathic effects of leaf litter leachates and purified condensed tannins from kandelia obovata on germination and growth of aegiceras corniculatum

Tao Lang, Pingping Wei, Xiaoxia Chen, Yijian Fu, Nora Fung Yee Tam, Zhangli Hu, Zhiteng Chen, Fenglan Li, Haichao Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kandelia obovata (Ko) and Aegiceras corniculatum (Ac) are common and dominant plant species in mangrove wetlands in South China, which are distributed in similar tidal zones along the coastline. The present study aimed to determine the allelopathic effects of leaf litter leachates (LLLs) from Ko and their purified condensed tannins (PCTs) on the germination and growth of Ac by mangrove microcosms. Replicate pots containing five different levels of LLLs and PCTs were separately prepared and propagules of Ac were placed in each treatment. Both LLLs and PCTs significantly inhibited the germination and growth of Ac, especially at high concentrations. The final germination rates of the roots and stems and the numbers of fine roots declined continuously, while other growth indicators, including the lengths of fine roots and nutritive roots and the biomasses of roots, stems, and leaves first increased and then decreased with increasing levels. These results indicate that LLLs from the leaf litter of Ko, in particular their PCTs, exerted an inhibition effect on propagule germination and seedling growth of Ac, and the inhibitory effects were concentration dependent. This study suggested that condensed tannins from leaf litter, acting as allelochemicals, could regulate the natural regeneration of a mangrove forest.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1000
JournalForests
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Allelopathy
  • Condensed tannins
  • Leaf litter
  • Mangrove forests
  • Natural regeneration

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