Investigation of microbial community structure in constructed mangrove microcosms receiving wastewater-borne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Ya Fen Wang, Yan Wu, Na Pi, Nora Fung Yee Tam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study aims to examine relationships between microbial community structure and mixed pollutants of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in constructed wetland microcosms, planted with Excoecaria agallocha or Kandelia obovata, two common mangrove plant species, and under two tidal regimes, everyday tidal (Te) and no tidal flooding (Tn). Results showed both microbial community structure and the retained amounts of pollutants were significantly determined by tidal regime, while the effect of plant species was small. Higher amounts of PAHs but lower amounts of PBDEs were always retained in sediments under Te than Tn regimes. Accordingly, temporal and vertical distributions of microbial community structure differed greatly between the two tidal regimes. Redundancy analysis further revealed significant correlation between a subgroup of the mixed PAHs and PBDEs with variation in microbial community structure. The findings will help to propose specific strategies to improve the bioremediation efficiency of constructed wetland.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-144
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume187
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mangrove microcosms
  • Microbial community structure
  • PAHs and PBDEs
  • Tidal regime

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