How learning has been personalised: A review of literature from 2009 to 2018

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a comprehensive study of the literature related to personalised learning in the past decade, summarising how, and in what aspects, learning has been personalised. The study covers a total of 179 relevant articles collected from the Web-of-Science and Scopus databases. The results show that, between 2009–13 and 2014–18, there was a clear upward trend—a 120% increase in the number of relevant publications over the years. The research and practice have become more diversified in terms of the target learners, research issues, and objectives. The means to achieve personalised learning mainly involve educational technologies, where emerging technologies such as learning analytics, massive open online courses and augmented/virtual reality have been increasingly used. The results reveal the areas for further investigation, such as the challenges arising from the adoption of emerging technology, the aspects of learning receiving little attention, and the changing role of teachers in the move to student-centred personalised learning.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBlended Learning
Subtitle of host publicationEducational Innovation for Personalized Learning - 12th International Conference, ICBL 2019, Proceedings
EditorsSimon K.S. Cheung, Lap-Kei Lee, Ivana Simonova, Tomas Kozel, Lam-For Kwok
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event12th International Conference on Blended Learning, ICBL 2019 - Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
Duration: 2 Jul 20194 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11546 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference12th International Conference on Blended Learning, ICBL 2019
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic
CityHradec Kralove


  • Differentiated learning
  • Personalised learning
  • Student-centred
  • Technology-assisted learning


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