Heterogeneities in Ventricular Conduction Following Treatment with Heptanol: A Multi-Electrode Array Study in Langendorff-Perfused Mouse Hearts

Xiuming Dong, Gary Tse, Guoliang Hao, Yimei Du

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have associated slowed ventricular conduction with the arrhythmogenesis mediated by the gap junction and sodium channel inhibitor heptanol in mouse hearts. However, they did not study the propagation patterns that might contribute to the arrhythmic substrate. This study used a multi-electrode array mapping technique to further investigate different conduction abnormalities in Langendorff-perfused mouse hearts exposed to 0.1 or 2 mM heptanol. Methods: Recordings were made from the left ventricular epicardium using multi-electrode arrays in spontaneously beating hearts during right ventricular 8 Hz pacing or S1S2 pacing. Results: In spontaneously beating hearts, heptanol at 0.1 and 2 mM significantly reduced the heart rate from 314 ± 25 to 189 ± 24 and 157 ± 7 bpm, respectively (ANOVA, p < 0.05 and p < 0.001). During regular 8 Hz pacing, the mean LATs were increased by 0.1 and 2 mM heptanol from 7.1 ± 2.2 ms to 19.9 ± 5.0 ms (p < 0.05) and 18.4 ± 5.7 ms (p < 0.05). The standard deviation of the mean LATs was increased from 2.5 ± 0.8 ms to 10.3 ± 4.0 ms and 8.0 ± 2.5 ms (p < 0.05), and the median of phase differences was increased from 1.7 ± 1.1 ms to 13.9 ± 7.8 ms and 12.1 ± 5.0 ms by 0.1 and 2 mM heptanol (p < 0.05). P5 took a value of 0.2 ± 0.1 ms and was not significantly altered by heptanol at 0.1 or 2 mM (1.1 ± 0.9 ms and 0.9 ± 0.5 ms, p > 0.05). P50 was increased from 7.3 ± 2.7 ms to 24.0 ± 12.0 ms by 0.1 mM heptanol and then to 22.5 ± 7.5 ms by 2 mM heptanol (p < 0.05). P95 was increased from 1.7 ± 1.1 ms to 13.9 ± 7.8 ms by 0.1 mM heptanol and to 12.1 ± 5.0 ms by 2 mM heptanol (p < 0.05). These changes led to increases in the absolute inhomogeneity in conduction (P5–95) from 7.1 ± 2.6 ms to 31.4 ± 11.3 ms, 2 mM: 21.6 ± 7.2 ms, respectively (p < 0.05). The inhomogeneity index (P5–95/P50) was significantly reduced from 3.7 ± 1.2 to 3.1 ± 0.8 by 0.1 mM and then to 3.3 ± 0.9 by 2 mM heptanol (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Increased activation latencies, reduced CVs, and the increased inhomogeneity index of conduction were associated with both spontaneous and induced ventricular arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish
Article number996
JournalLife
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • action potential duration
  • conduction
  • detrended fluctuation analysis
  • dispersion
  • entropy
  • heptanol
  • heterogeneity
  • hypokalemia
  • inhomogeneity
  • mouse
  • variability

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