Enhanced Power Allocation for Sum Rate Maximization in OFDM-NOMA VLC Systems

Yaru Fu, Yang Hong, Lian Kuan Chen, Chi Wan Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


This letter investigates the power allocation problem for the downlink of an orthogonal frequency division multiple (OFDM)-based non-orthogonal multiple access visible light communication (NOMA-VLC) system. Unlike the commonly used two-user OFDM-NOMA VLC model, in this letter, an arbitrary number of multiplexed users is considered when formulating the sum rate maximization problem. Moreover, both user-level and subcarrier-level power optimization are taken into account to improve the system performance. The corresponding theoretical analysis is presented, with the consideration of optimal decoding order and each user's required signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). Given a fixed power constraint on each OFDM subcarrier, we derive the optimal power ratio for an arbitrary number of multiplexed users in OFDM-NOMA VLC. Numerical results show that with a required SINR of 3 dB, the proposed enhanced power allocation algorithm has 39.59% and 40.11% sum-rate enhancement when compared to optimized fixed power allocation algorithm and gain ratio power allocation algorithm, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1218-1221
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • NOMA
  • OFDM
  • VLC
  • optimal power ratio


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