Electrocardiographic characteristics of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy

Ziliang Chen, Ke Lu, Lingling Zhou, Daiqi Liu, Xiulian Li, Xue Han, Huayue Tao, Gary Tse, Huilai Zhang, Tong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Patients receiving anthracycline-based chemotherapy (AbC) for newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) may develop cardiac electrophysiological abnormalities. In this study, their electrocardiography (ECG) features were analyzed. Methods: Electronic health records of patients with a diagnosis of DLBCL and treated with AbC were reviewed retrospectively. Variables from ECGs obtained around anthracycline treatment were manually measured. Results: A total of 76 patients (57% males). The incidence of abnormal ECG increased from 36.8% at baseline to 48.7%, of which only the prevalence of fragmented QRS (fQRS) significantly increased after AbC (15.8% to 28.9%, P = 0.041). In comparison with baseline ECG parameters, corrected QT interval (QTc) statistically prolonged (399.95 ± 27.11 ms to 415.07 ± 31.03 ms, P < 0.001), whilst QT dispersion (QTd) significantly (41.25 ± 16.15 ms to 36.70 ± 11.84 ms, P = 0.032) decreased. Conclusion: In DLBCL patients receiving anthracycline-based therapies, the main ECG abnormalities detected were fQRS and QTc prolongation. Regular ECG monitoring should be carefully performed on follow-up to detect cardiotoxicity during follow-up after treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anthracycline
  • Cardio-oncology
  • Chemotherapy
  • Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • Electrocardiography (ECG)

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