Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Peak Oxygen Consumption, VE/VCO2 Slope, and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Failure with Preserved Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Mansueto Gomes-Neto, André Rodrigues Durães, Lino Sergio Rocha Conceição, Leonardo Roever, Tong Liu, Gary Tse, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Ana Lucia Barbosa Goes, Iura Gonzalez Nogueira Alves, Øyvind Ellingsen, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of aerobic exercise on peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2), minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2 slope), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with heart failure (HF) and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Recent Findings: We conducted a Cochrane Library, MEDLINE/PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and SciELO search (from 1985 to May 2019) for randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise in HFpEF patients. We calculated the mean differences (MD) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Ten intervention studies were included providing a total of 399 patients. Compared with control, aerobic exercise resulted in improvement in peak VO2 MD 1.9 mL kg−1 min−1 (95% CI 1.3 to 2.5; N = 314) and HRQoL measured by Minnesota Living with Heart Failure MD 5.4 (95% CI − 10.5 to − 0.2; N = 256). No significant difference in VE/VCO2 slope was found between participants in the aerobic exercise group and the control group. The quality of evidence for peak VO2 and HRQoL was assessed as being moderate. Summary: Aerobic exercise moderately improves peak VO2 and HRQoL and should be considered a strategy of rehabilitation of HFpEF individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number45
JournalCurrent Atherosclerosis Reports
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aerobic exercise
  • Heart failure
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction

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