Boosting photocatalytic CO2 reduction over S-scheme CTF-Bi-BiOBr using pre-oxidized dissolved effluent organic matter as an electron donor

Guocheng Huang, Jiusheng Zhao, Jinpeng Zhang, Tiansu Zhao, Jinhong Bi, Min Pan, Po Keung Wong, Alex Tat Shing Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photocatalytic conversion of CO2 into value-added products is considered a sustainable strategy to mitigate CO2 over-emission. However, achieving favorable performance generally relies on valuable additives such as sacrificial organic electron donors, which, in turn, limit its applicability. In this study, we tested dissolved effluent organic matter (dEfOM) derived from domestic wastewater as an alternative hole scavenger during CO2 photoreduction over a ternary photocatalyst (CTF-1-Bi-BiOBr) composed of CTF-1, Bi, and BiOBr. Impressively, the optimal CTF-1-Bi-BiOBr catalyst demonstrated remarkable dEfOM degradation and CO production (2.933 μmol g−1 h−1) in a cascading oxic-anoxic photocatalytic process. This enhanced activity was attributed to the establishment of an S-scheme structure between CTF-1 and BiOBr, with Bi-metal serving as the carrier recombination centre, allowing holes and electrons with greater redox capacity to be retained. Importantly, we discovered that smaller intermediates formed during the oxic stage can serve as extraordinary electron donors in the succeeding anoxic stage. Spectroscopic and electrochemical characterization techniques revealed that pre-oxidized dEfOM was more effective in preventing the recombination of photoinduced carriers compared to untreated dEfOM, highlighting its improved electron donating propensity. This study provides innovative insights for simultaneously achieving wastewater purification and carbon emission reduction through a more economical pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3486-3499
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironmental Science: Nano
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2023

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